Wednesday, April 25, 2007

List of Possible Diseases

Lyme Disease
Lyme disease is caused by a spirochete bacterium (Borrelia burgdorferi) that is transmitted to humans by hard ticks.
Early symptoms include rash, fatigue, headache, sore throat, muscle and joint aches, heart palpitations, tick paralysis, etc.

Commensal Rodent-borne Diseases
Rats and mice are responsible for the spread, either directly, through contamination of human food with their urine or feces, or indirectly, by way of rodent fleas and mites.

Rat-bite Fever
Rat-bite fever is caused by the bacteria Streptobacillus moniliformis, which is found on the teeth and gums of rats. It is transferred from rats to humans by the bite of the rat.
Symptoms include: difficult red rash, fever, joint pain, chills

Through contact with cat feces.
Symptoms: Fatigue, Extreme coldness and fever, rashes

Reasons: Leptospirosis is a bacterial disease that affects humans and animals. It is caused by bacteria of the genus Leptospira.

Typhoid fever
Reasons are not found yet but most of its symptoms tally with what the patient have.

Salmonella food poisoning
It may caused by the bacteria carried by the rats.

Contact dermatitis
Reason: He may have allergy to the fleas, or even allergy to dog’s and cat’s hair.

Rheumatic fever
It may develop suddenly 2 to 6 weeks after a streptococcal infection. This form of the disease is most common in older people. It generally starts with joint pain and fever. Symptoms vary and include rashes, weakness and joint pain.

Murine or Endemic Typhus
Murine Typhus is another disease that is principally associated with rats and may be occasionally transmitted to humans. Murine Typhus is transmitted when infected flea droppings are scratched into the wounds made by fleas.

It is a rare infectious disease caused by single-celled microorganisms (protozoa) It is believed that the Babesia protozoa are usually carried and transmitted by ticks (vectors). The sypmtoms are fatigue & fever.

List of websites
1. > diseases > plague
2. > healthinfo > nord268
4. > diseases
5. > Typhoid
6. > Contact_dermatitis
7. > rheumatic-fever > symptoms
8. > zoonoses
9. > index > articleid=592
10. > rats

Mmic Tutorials1-4 : A Simulated Case

A 85-year-old-male was found to be staying alone in one-flat. It is found that his mattress was soiled with human excreta and urine. The premise is infested with cockroaches, fleas and rats. It is known to the neighbours that the elderly man has the habit of feeding stray dogs and cats in the neighbourhood.

The elderly man was referred to a nursing home and presented with high fever, rash and general weakness.

How would you approach this situation in order to provide final diagnosis of the suspected microorganism[s]?


  • Good results
  • Cooperation
  • Team work
  • Compromise and Accomodation
  • Efficency
  • Hard work
  • Punctuality
  • Initiative